Question 1 : William F. Buckley Jr. defined conservatives as people who stand “athwart history, yelling Stop, at a time when no one is inclined to do so, or to have much patience with those who so urge it.” Detail the ideological differences between modern liberalism and conservatism. How and why did conservatism become the dominant political philosophy after decades of liberal presidents? Give specific examples.
Question 2 : In 1991, the Soviet Union collapsed, bringing nearly fifty years of global tension to a close. How did the Cold War dominate American politics and foreign policy? Should the end of the Cold War be considered a turning point in American history? Consider foreign policy before and after the Cold War and defend your answer with evidence.